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Dr. Lisa Legault

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Dr. Lisa Legault
Assistant Professor
Psychology Department
161 Science Center
PO Box 5825
Potsdam, NY 13699-5825

Phone: 315-268-2361 
Fax: 315-268-7118 
E-mail: llegault@clarkson.edu

Education
Ph.D., University of Ottawa, Canada, 2009

Courses Taught
Introduction to Psychology, Human Motivation, Advanced Topics in Social Psychology, Director of St. Lawrence Psychiatric Center Professional Experience

Research Interests
My research integrates motivation science, prejudice and intergroup relations, and social cognitive neuroscience. Broadly, I am interested in how the source of motivation (i.e., is motivation internal/autonomous or externally pressured/controlled?) underlying beliefs, attitudes, and behavior shapes the successful self-regulation of those beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. I have examined the effects of motivation on attitudes and behavior in various domains – including intergroup dynamics, pro-environmental behavior, and education.

In one line of research, I explore the motivational factors that reduce prejudice and promote positive intergroup perceptions and interactions. My work suggests that when the social context is controlling and prescriptive regarding prejudice reduction and diversity practices, prejudice and negative intergroup attitudes ironically rise. On the other hand, social contexts that promote personal choice and autonomous motivation toward diversity appreciation tend to be effective in improving intergroup attitudes.

In a related line of work, I investigate how motivational factors influence not only outgroup perception, but ingroup perception and group identity. Some of my recent work has shown that individual differences in motivational orientation shape the manner in which people identify with their social groups (e.g, being male, being black, being German). I also assess the role of motivational orientation in the capacity to integrate conflicting aspects of one’s social identity, and its role in improving intergroup attitudes and reducing prejudice and discrimination.

In a third, more general line of research, I take a closer look at the basic mechanisms underlying the link between motivation and self-control. My work suggests that personal autonomy (as opposed to social coercion) actually improves executive control processes, such as response inhibition and error monitoring. Moreover, using a neuroscientific approach, I demonstrate that these effects are mediated by increased activity of the anterior cinglulate cortex – a neural structure that regulates bodily states of arousal in order to execute effective control and self-regulation.

Finally, I am actively involved in the design and implementation of a long-term field experiment that investigates the impact of motivation and goal-setting interventions on university students’ pro-environmental behavior, including daily energy and resource use measured using sensor technology in green student housing.

Grants and Awards
Institute for a Sustainable Environment (ISE) Seed Grant, Predicting Residential Rooftop Solar Adoption, $25,000.00 (Co-PI), 2016-2017.

New York State Energy Research and Development Agency (NYSERDA), Clean Energy and Smart Housing: Motivational Interventions for Improved Energy Efficiency in University Living, $135,414.00 (co-PI), 2013 - 2016

New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), Predictive Building Energy Modeling Tools and Methodology for Quantifying the Saving Potentials of Energy Efficiency Improvements in Heating, Ventilation, and Domestic Hot Water, $100,000.00 (Co-PI), 2014-2015.

FLIR Systems, Inc. Estimating Energy Savings from Smart Building Controls, $50,000.00 (Co-PI), 2014-2015.

Defence Research and Development Canada, Social Identity Management and Intergroup Perception: Toward a Dynamic Model of Social Identity Theory, $70,000.00 (Principle Investigator), 2012 - 2013

Natural Sciences & Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Visiting Scientist Fellowship, $102,000.00, 2011-2012

Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Postdoctoral Fellowship, $83,000.00, 2009 - 2011

Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), Interpersonal Influences on the Self-Regulation of Race Bias: How Our Social Environment Can Help Us Automatize Motivation to be Nonprejudiced, $5,000.00 (Principle Investigator), 2009 - 2011.

Governor General's Gold Medal, best doctoral thesis and highest overall standing, University of Ottawa, 2009

Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) Doctoral Fellowship, 2006-2008, $40,000.00

Publications (Last 5 years; underscore indicates student co-authors)
Legault, L., Weinstein, N., Mitchell, J., Inzlicht, M., Pyke, K., & Upal, A. (in press). Owning up to negative ingroup traits: How personal autonomy promotes the integration of group identity. Journal of Personality.

Legault, L. (2016). The need for competence. In V. Zeigler-Hill and T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. New York, NY: Springer.

Legault, L. (2016). The need for autonomy. In V. Zeigler-Hill and T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. New York, NY: Springer.

Legault, L. (2016). Self-determination theory. In V. Zeigler-Hill and T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. New York, NY: Springer.

Legault, L. (2016). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In V. Zeigler-Hill and T. Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. New York, NY: Springer.

Tabit, M.B., Legault, L., Ma, W., Wan, K.P. (2015). In search of best practices for multicultural education: Empirical evidence from the Forum BEVI Project. In C.N. Shealy (Ed.), Making Sense of Beliefs and Values. New York: Springer, pp. 177-203.

Inzlicht, M., Legault, L., & Teper, R. (2014). Exploring the mechanisms of self-control improvement. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 302-307.

Legault, L. & Amiot, C. (2014). The role of autonomy in intergroup processes: Integrating Self-Determination Theory and intergroup approaches. In N. Weinstein (Ed.), Integrating Human Motivation and Interpersonal Relationships: Theory, Research and Applications. New York: Springer, pp. 159-190.

Inzlicht, M. & Legault, L. (2014). No pain, no gain: How distress underlies effective self-control (and unites diverse social psychological phenomena). In J. Forgas & E. Harmon-Jones (Eds.), The Control Within: Motivation and its Regulation. New York: Psychology Press.

Legault, L. & Inzlicht, M. (2013). Self-determination, self-regulation and the brain: Autonomy improves performance by enhancing neuroaffective responsiveness to self-regulation failure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105, 123-138.

Legault, L., Al-Khindi, T., & Inzlicht, M. (2012). Preserving integrity in the face of performance threat: Self-affirmation enhances neurophysiological responsiveness to errors. Psychological Science, 23, 1455-1460.

Legault, L., & Green-Demers, I. (2012). The protective role of self-determined prejudice regulation in the relationship between intergroup threat and prejudice. Motivation and Emotion, 36(2), 143-158.

Inzlicht, M., Gutsell, J.N, & Legault, L. (2012). Mimicry reduces racial prejudice. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 361–365.

Legault, L., Gutsell, J.N., & Inzlicht, M. (2011). Ironic effects of anti-prejudice messages: How motivational interventions can reduce (but also increase) prejudice. Psychological Science, 22 (12), 1472 – 1477.

Inzlicht, M., Tullett, A.M., Legault, L., & Kang, S. K (2011). Lingering effects: Stereotype threat hurts more than you think. Social Issues and Policy Review, 5(1), 231-259.

Legault, L., Green-Demers, I., & Eadie, A.L. (2009). When internalization leads to automatization: The role of self-determination in automatic stereotype suppression and implicit prejudice regulation. Motivation and Emotion, 33(1), 10-24.

Presentations at Scientific Meetings (Last 5 years; underscore indicates student co-authors)

Invited Keynote Talks
Legault, L. (2016, February). Reducing prejudice by enhancing self-determination. Shaping Student Mindsets: Promoting Academic Attitudes, Persistence and Performance, Learning and the Brain Conference Series, San Francisco, CA.

Invited Plenary Address
Legault, L. (2013, June). No Pain, No Gain: Neurophysiological evidence that autonomy boosts performance by increasing error-related distress. New Directions in Self-Determination Theory Plenary Address, 5th International Self-Determination Theory Conference, Rochester, NY.

Chaired Symposia and Conference Presentations
Legault, L., Hudgins, A., & Ray, K. (2016, June). Assisted vs. asserted autonomy satisfaction: Two unique pathways to wellbeing and adaptive coping. Symposium presented at the 6th International Self-Determination Theory Conference, Victoria, British Columbia.

Helfgott, A., Weinstein, N., & Legault, L. (2016, June). Owning up to negative group traits: Personal autonomy promotes the integration of group identity. Poster presented at the 6th International Self-Determination Theory Conference, Victoria, British Columbia.

Legault, L. (2016, January). Toward better non-discrimination practices: Why social support matters more than social control. Talk presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology’s Social Psychology and the Law Pre-Conference, San Diego, CA.

Gibbons, A., Knack, J.M., & Legault, L (2016, January). Lacking vs. wanting social support: Their unique roles in mediating the link between peer victimization and health. 17th Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.

Legault, L., & Coleman, D. (2015, June). Personal autonomy reduces implicit prejudice by increasing awareness. In K. Spencer (Chair), Controlling implicit bias: Roles of autonomy, motivation, and strategic interventions. Meeting of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, Washington, D.C.

Powers, S.E., Hou, D., Janoyan, K., Bird, S., Legault, L., Sherman, A., Schay, A.E.S., Nikdel, L., & Rowe, A (2015, June). Clarkson’s Smart Housing Project: Highly-granular utility helps us to understand student utility use, Presented at the North Country-Mohawk Valley Clean Energy Economy Conference, Utica NY.

Sherman, A., Bird, S., Powers, S., Rowe, A., & Legault. L. (2015, June). Sociopolitical and motivational precursors to pro-environmental attitudes and behavior: Implications of political ideology for smart housing, efficiency, and energy modernization. Paper presented in “The Modernization of Energy Systems: Policy Opportunities and Challenges”. Canadian Political Science Association, Ottawa, Canada.

Legault, L. (2015, March; Chair). Mind, body, control: Physical, psychological, and interpersonal influences on self-regulation. Symposium presented at the inaugural International Convention for Psychological Science, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Legault, L., & Coleman, D. (2015, June). Personal autonomy reduces implicit prejudice by increasing awareness. In K. Spencer (Chair), Controlling implicit bias: Roles of autonomy, motivation, and strategic interventions. Meeting of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, Washington, D.C.

Powers, S.E., Hou, D., Janoyan, K., Bird, S., Legault, L., Sherman, A., Schay, A.E.S., Nikdel, L., & Rowe, A (2015, June). Clarkson’s Smart Housing Project: Highly-granular utility helps us to understand student utility use, Presented at the North Country-Mohawk Valley Clean Energy Economy Conference, Utica NY.

Sherman, A., Bird, S., Powers, S., Rowe, A., & Legault. L. (2015, June). Sociopolitical and motivational precursors to pro-environmental attitudes and behavior: Implications of political ideology for smart housing, efficiency, and energy modernization. Paper presented in “The Modernization of Energy Systems: Policy Opportunities and Challenges”. Canadian Political Science Association, Ottawa, Canada.

Coleman, D., & Legault, L. (2015, May). Examining the Interplay of Autonomy Support and Mindfulness in Prejudice Reduction. Presented at the 27th Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention, NY, NY.

Legault, L. (2015, March). The interplay of motivation and mindfulness in the implicit self-control of prejudice. In L. Legault (Chair), Mind, body, control: Physical, psychological, and interpersonal influences on self-regulation, inaugural International Convention for Psychological Science, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Powers, S.E., Hou, D., Janoyan, K., Bird, S., Legault, L., Sherman, A.K., Schay, A.E.S., Nikdel, L., & Rowe, A. (2015, March). Clarkson’s Smart Housing Project: Highly-granular utility use data for Smart Buildings and Smart Residents. Presentation at the 13th Annual New York State Green Building Conference, Liverpool, NY.

Powers, S.E., Hou, D., Bird, S., Legault, L., Janoyan, K., Sherman, A.K., Rowe, A., & Schay, A.E.S. Smart Housing Project: Measuring Use and Motivating Change (2014, October). Presented at the 2014. Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE) Conference. Portland OR.

Sherman, A.K., Rowe, A. J., Bird, S., Legault, L., & Powers, S. (2014, October). Sociopolitical and motivational precursors to pro-environmental behavior. Presented at the Thousand Islands Energy Research Forum (TIERF), Ottawa, ON.

Legault, L. (2014, June). New directions in autonomy and self-control: The mediating effect of error receptivity. In S. Rizvi (Chair), New Approaches in Research on Self-Determination Theory, 74th Canadian Psychological Association Annual Convention, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Sherman, A. K., Bayer, M., Schay, A., Legault, L., Bird, S., & Powers, S. (2014, June). Smart Housing Project: Motivating resource conservation through real-time feedback & education. Poster presented at NYSERDA & the American Academy of Arts and Sciences ‘Applying Behavioral Strategies to Energy Decisions and Behaviors’ Workshop. White Plains, NY.

Legault, L. (2014, May). Autonomous motivation enhances self-regulation by promoting sensitivity and receptivity to self-control conflict. In M. Roskes (Chair), Goal engagement and vitality: Implicit, neural, and contextual influences, 7th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Motivation, San Francisco, CA.

Sherman, A. K., Bayer, M., Legault, L., Bird, S., & Powers, S. (2014, April). Smart Housing Project: Motivating resources conservation through infrastructure, real-time feedback, and education. Poster presented at the Advanced Energy Conference 2014, Albany, NY.

Sherman, A. K., Swanson, C., Legault, L., Bird, S., & Powers, S. (2013, October). Smart Housing Project: Conserving Resources through Infrastructure, Real-time Feedback, and Motivation. Poster presented at the SyracuseCoE 13th Annual Symposium: Urban Reinvention and Resilience. Syracuse, NY.

Legault, L. (2013, June). No Pain, No Gain: Neurophysiological evidence that autonomy boosts performance by increasing error-related distress. New Directions in Self-Determination Theory Plenary Address, 5th International Self-Determination Theory Conference, Rochester, NY.

Legault, L., Weinstein, N., & Inzlicht, M. (2013, January). Autonomy promotes integration of the collective self. Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

Inzlicht, M., & Legault, L. (2013, January). No pain, no gain: How distress underlies effective self-control (and unites diverse social-psychological phenomena). Talk presented at the 14th Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA.

Legault, L., Inzlicht, M., & Gutsell, J.N. (2012, January). Ironic effects of anti-prejudice messages: How motivational interventions can reduce (but also increase) prejudice. In Elliot, A., & Berry-Mendes, W. (Chairs), Data Blitz Symposium, 13th Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.

Legault, L. (2012, January). Integrating positive and negative ethnic identity into the self: Motivational antecedents and intergroup consequences. Paper presented at the Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Meeting (Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, GPIR), San Diego, CA.

Legault, L., & Inzlicht, M. (2011, June). Paradoxical effects of anti-prejudice cues: How motivational priming exacerbates prejudice. Paper presented at the 72nd Canadian Psychological Association Annual Convention, Toronto, Ontario.

Legault, L., Green-Demers, I. & Inzlicht, M. (2010, May). The Automatization of autonomy: Social and neurocognitive mechanisms. In Hodgins, H. (Chair) Symposium on Unconscious Processes in Motivation, 4th International Self-Determination Theory Conference, Gent, Belgium.

Legault, L. (2010, January). Being self-determined to regulate prejudice buffers the impact of intergroup threat. Paper presented at the 11th Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, Nevada.

Undergraduate Student Presentations (Last 4 years)

Helfgott, A., Weinstein, N., & Legault, L. (2016, June). Owning up to negative group traits: Personal autonomy promotes the integration of group identity. Poster presented at the 6th International Self-Determination Theory Conference, Victoria, British Columbia.

Legault, L., Hudgins, A., & Ray, K. (2016, June). Assisted vs. asserted autonomy satisfaction: Two unique pathways to wellbeing and adaptive coping. Symposium presented at the 6th International Self-Determination Theory Conference, Victoria, British Columbia.

Jurchak, K. (2016, April). The Role of Humility in Reducing Implicit Race Bias, winner of Best Poster in the Social Sciences, Symposium for Undergraduate Research Experiences (SURE), Clarkson University.

Helfgott, A. (2016, April). The Social Antecedents and Self-Regulatory Consequences of Psychopathy. Oral Presentation at the Symposium for Undergraduate Research Experiences (SURE), Clarkson University.

Coleman, D., & Legault, L. (2015, May). Examining the Interplay of Autonomy Support and Mindfulness in Prejudice Reduction. Presented at the 27th Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention, NY, NY.

Legault, L., & Coleman, D. (2015, June). Personal autonomy reduces implicit prejudice by increasing awareness. In K. Spencer (Chair), Controlling implicit bias: Roles of autonomy, motivation, and strategic interventions. Meeting of the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues, Washington, D.C.
Helfgott, A. (2015, April). The socio-motivational antecedents of psychopathy. Annual Symposium of Undergraduate Research Experience, Clarkson University.

Rector, N. (April, 2015). The role of autonomous motivation in goal switching. Annual Symposium of Undergraduate Research Experience, Clarkson University. Winner, best poster.

Rowe, A. (July, 2014). Environmental motivation, emotion, and behavior. Annual Symposium of Undergraduate Research Experience, Clarkson University. Winner, best oral presentation.

Ray, K., & Legault, L. (July, 2014). Alternative Pathways to Wellbeing: Differentiating Active vs. Passive Fulfillment of the Need for Autonomy. Annual Symposium of Undergraduate Research Experience, Clarkson University.

Helfgott, A., & Legault, L. (July, 2014). Role of Psychopathy in Self-Control. Annual Symposium of Undergraduate Research Experience, Clarkson University. Winner, best poster.

Davis, C., & Legault, L. (April, 2014). Impact of Mindfulness on Self-Control. Presented at McNair Research Conference, Buffalo, NY. *2nd place.

Pelosi, M., & Legault, L. (April, 2014). Distinguishing between Active vs. Passive Need Fulfillment. Annual Symposium of Undergraduate Research Experience, Clarkson University. Winner, best poster.

Mitchell, J., & Legault, L. (March, 2014). Integrating Ethnic Identity into the Self. Annual Statewide Collegiate Science and Technology Entry Program Conference, Saratoga Springs, NY.

Davis, C., & Legault, L. (March, 2014). Impact of Emotional Acceptance on Goal Regulation and Self-Control. Annual Statewide Collegiate Science and Technology Entry Program Conference, Saratoga Springs, NY. Runner Up, best poster.

Davis, C., & Legault, L. (August, 2013). Impact of Emotional Acceptance on Goal Regulation and Self-Control. Annual Symposium of Undergraduate Research Experience, Clarkson University. Winner, best poster.

Mitchell, J., & Legault, L. (August, 2013). Intergroup Effects of Ethnic Identity Integration. Annual Symposium of Undergraduate Research Experience, Clarkson University. Winner, best poster.

Pyke, K. & Legault, L. (August, 2013). The Integration of Positive and Negative Group Identity: Effects on Group Processes.
Annual Symposium of Undergraduate Research Experience, Clarkson University.

Knapp, S., & Legault, L. (April, 2013). The Role of Motivation and Mindfulness in Racial Bias. Annual Symposium of Undergraduate Research Experience, Clarkson University. Winner, best poster.

 

Dr. Lisa Legault