CAMP Annual Report: Page 3
THE RESEARCH AND CENTER ACTIVITIES
CAMP is an interdisciplinary science and engineering endeavor dedicated to research on high-technology materials processing. This research is focused on the production, modification and conversion of matter for which “small” particles, colloidal media and / or surfaces play an important role in the process and /or properties of the final product. Presented here are some highlights of the research during CAMP's twenty fourth year as a New York State Center for Advanced Technology.
PARTICLE SYNTHESIS AND PROPERTIES
CAMP Distinguished Professor Dan Goia is involved in the synthesis, characterization, and modification of ultra-fine and nanosize metallic and metal-composite particles with controlled size, shape, internal structure, composition, and surface properties. These materials are used extensively in established fields such as catalysis, electronics, and metallurgy as well as many emerging applications in medicine, biology, defense, energy generation, and magnetic storage. Presently, Professor Goia has several active government and industrial grants to develop materials for defense applications, PEM (Proton Exchange Membrane) and solid oxide fuel cells, silicon based solar cells, plasma display panels, electromagnetic interference shielding, and metallurgical applications. Other current funded projects involve the development of screen printable conductive pastes for thick film microelectronics, silver dispersions for inkjet printable electronics, core-shell metallic particles for optical and catalytic applications and materials for high capacity energy storage/batteries.
Computational and Experimental Study of Ultraviolet Air Purification Systems
Cross bacterial contamination among patients in hospitals and medical facilities has been a serious issue. Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation (UVGI) purification systems can effectively reduce these bacterial contaminants, but the efficiency of the systems is dependent on the airflow in and around these UVGI systems. Professor Goodarz Ahmadi, in collaboration with researchers at Syracuse University and at Haledyne, is working on improving the performance of the UVGI system developed by Haledyne LLC. The specific objective is to perform computational and experimental studies on the nature of air distribution around the device in a room. The goal is to improve the efficiency and optimize the energy usage of the UVGI system.
Indoor air pollution is believed to be a source of many respiratory illnesses. The general goal of this project is to provide a fundamental understanding of particle resuspension in an indoor environment and its contribution to indoor air pollution. However, the effects of nature, of foot motion, the gait cycle, and in particular the electrostatic forces on particle detachment and resuspension, are not well understood. Professors Ferro and Ahmadi are using computation and experimental studies on the motion of a mechanical foot and the resulting resuspension from the floor. Particular attention is given to the electrostatic forces that are generated by walking on floors and their effects on particle detachment in indoor environments.
President Obama Announces the Materials Genome Initiative
On June 24, 2011, President Obama announced the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership, “a national effort bringing together industry, universities, and the federal government to invest in the emerging technologies that will create high quality manufacturing jobs and enhance our global competitiveness.” The Materials Genome Initiative, a critical component of the Advanced Manufacturing Partnership, was announced the same day by President Obama. The aim of the Materials Genome Initiative is “to double the speed with which we discover, develop, and manufacture new materials.” This Initiative will fund “computational tools, software, new methods for material characterization, and the development of open standards and databases that will make the process of discovery and development of advanced materials faster, less expensive, and more predictable.” The Materials Innovation Infrastructure that is envisioned is shown in Figure 1.
A Materials Information Luncheon to discuss this Initiative was hosted on Capitol Hill August 23, 2011 by Representative Randy Hultgren. This luncheon was attended by Prof. Ian Suni, Director of Clarkson’s Materials Science and Engineering graduate programs, and Robert Wood, Clarkson’s Director of Government Relations. As the specific programs associated with the Materials Genome Initiative are announced, further details will be available from the CAMP office.
Figure1. The envisioned infrastructure for materials innovation.